Vineyards and varieties

Georgia has 525 endemic grape varieties but our wines are produced the 3 most common and widespread varieties of Khakheti region.

Rkatsiteli - whose name means “red stem” (rka=vine cane; tsiteli=red) is the leading white grape variety in Georgia. The time of its origin is uncertain, but is native to Kakheti in eastern Georgia and is cultivated throughout the region, as well as in Kartli. It can achieve relatively high sugars while retaining its acidity. It is arguably most expressive when grown on the northwestern part of the Alazani Valley in the Akhmeta-Ikalto zone, in the villages of Kondoli, Tsinandali and Kisiskhevi.

When vinified in qvevri, the wine typically is more powerful, moderately tannic, with crisp acidity; the oxidative handling elicits flavors of honey, dried orange peel, spices, apricot and other stone fruits.

Mtsvane Kakhuri - Literally, “green Kakheti,” and commonly referred to simply as “Mtsvane,” Thought to be older than Rkatsiteli, Mtsvane Kakhuri’s five-lobed leaves are dark green and funneled; the medium-sized bunches can be quite dense, sometimes with one shoulder and medium-sized berries.

The variety buds late, usually in late April and matures in the mid-season, in the last two weeks of September, before Rkatsiteli. It is an easy bunch to pick. It accumulates sugar easily yet retains high acidity levels, hence its suitability for sweet, fortified wines. Yields are generous, though the vine is very susceptible to powdery mildew, and is regarded as sensitive to its environment, demanding attentive cultivation. It is, however, relatively impervious to winter frosts. Mtsvane Kakhuri grows well on the calcareous soils in Kakheti, southeastern Georgia, particularly in the appellations of Tsinandali and Manavi.

It is quite dark and will show more apricot and stone fruit character when vinified in qvevri. An aromatic variety, it oxidizes easily, and unless vinified in qvevri, it requires sensitive anaerobic handling.

Alternatively, it may be blended with a percentage of Kisi or Rkatsiteli; Mtsvane Kakhuri adds aromatic high tones and complexity, the other varieties inhibit oxidation.

Saperavi - meaning “something to color with,” or “to dye,” is Georgia’s leading red grape variety. A very old variety, it is Georgia’s most widely planted red grape. This variety gives wines that are inky, often fully opaque, with aromas of dark berries, licorice, grilled meat, tobacco, chocolate and spices.

Texturally, the wine is sappy and tannic, with considerable acidity. The wines have aromas of red berries or black fruit.

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Vineyards and varieties

Georgia has 525 endemic grape varieties but our wines are produced the 3 most common and widespread varieties of Khakheti region.

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History and activities

Georgia has more than 8,000 years of continuous winemaking history, which is evidenced by numerous archaeological discoveries. Georgians have shared t

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Our Winery – traditions brought to perfection

Teleda is a premium Georgian wine producer boutique winery located in Eastern Georgia, Kakheti region in Tsinandali appellation. The winery specialize

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